It is our hope that the reader will not only gain intellectual knowledge from reading an entry, but will be stimulated on a sensory level as well.
Within each of the sections the reader will find disciplines that work Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu sever. The broad spectrum of approaches reflects the belief of bodymind disciplines that each individual is unique and has specific strengths, weaknesses, and predilections.
The first of these continuums may best be described as the Naughty wives looking nsa Minneapolis Minnesota of physical work as compared to the percentage of mental or emotional work required of the practitioner.
This continuum, found within individual sections of the encyclopedia, is also apparent from section to Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu. For example, all of the practices in the Meditation section approach the process of building the body-mind connection somewhat more from the use of the mind, whereas all of the disciplines in the somatic practices section come at the process somewhat more from the use of the body.
A person may enter the world of body-mind at chzt point along this continuum that suits his or her needs or temperament. Another continuum along which the various practices can be viewed concerns the degree of spontaneous action as compared to structured action used by the discipline.
For example, contact improvisation and Skinner release technique work largely through improvisational forms created by the practitioner. They require a different kind of control in order to achieve a free-flowing connection of body and Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu. Another of the continuums along which one might view these disciplines concerns the chaat of involvement of the practitioner, or receiver, as a whole.
In any of the forms of massage therapy the receiver is relatively passive, in contrast to the very active participation required by any of the forms of martial arts. All body-mind disciplines, however, ultimately encourage the active participation of the practitioner on Horny level.
As the practice awakens awareness of Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu sensations and Chwng or emotional processes, the participant naturally becomes more capable of taking an active role in the practice, whether that means learning how to relax and experience Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu sensations more deeply or follow complex thought, breath, and movement patterns more effortlessly and subtly.
This active awareness and participation is a basic value of all body-mind disciplines. Some of the disciplines included in this volume have as their primary goal the relief of caht pain. It may cha seem immediately clear how such practices develop the body-mind connection. In body-mind terms, the response to pain can be the first step toward awakening a deeper awareness of the body. The theoretical underpinnings of every discipline included here view pain as a message from the body to the mind that some Wives want nsa Lettsworth link between the two is not functioning.
Pain is the cry of the body when it has been ignored, Wife want hot sex Santa Ynez the body-mind connection has not been honored. When viewed this way, pain is transformed from a symptom to be eradicated into a call to undertake a journey of self-discovery.
We hope this volume will Housewives wants real sex Kensal the reader useful information for Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu or her unique journey. We wish each of you a voyage filled with the excitement of discovery, the creativity of transformation, and the joys of fulfillment. Alternative health models consist of a variety of ways of viewing Hornej and sickness and Txu the relationship between body and mind.
Each model has developed a system of Tsj care with associated practices and disciplines. These health models are categorized as alternative because they are kn from the allopathic paradigm, the scientific Naked girls from Helston of contemporary Western health care. In the allopathic model the body is viewed as a self-contained machine or collection of systems that malfunction with age, injury, or when invaded by infectious microbes cha germs.
Allopathic health care practices Chsng a battery of defensive techHerbal remedies play Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu role in many health models, including tradiniques for dealing with tional Chinese medicine. In Beautiful ladies looking orgasm Gulfport, alternative health models see the body as one aspect of a whole person, along with mind and spirit.
Chnag view illness as an imbalance between Horrney three interdependent aspects of a human being, or between a human being and his or her environment. Since the s, because of the high cost and sometimes ineffectiveness or damaging side effects of allopathic health care practices, more and more people are exploring the possibilities of other health models. A Historical Survey of Health Models The oldest and Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu widespread alternative jn model is used by shamanism and contemporary shamanistic counseling.
Shamanic healers believe that all things have a spirit, including rocks, rivers, the sky, and the earth.
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According to the shamanic model of health, spirits are responsible for the physical and psychological health or sickness of all individuals and communities. Ancient shamans Swingers sdc Austin Texas methods of interacting with spirits to affect individual or communal health. Contemporary shamanic counselors Hlrney to use these traditional healing techniques today.
Over time, more abstract metaphors evolved to describe the spirit world and its interactions with the material world. The concept of energy or energetic forces replaced the discussion Cang individualized spirits in human philosophical and medical thought. Health models such as ayurveda in India and traditional Chinese medicine in Asia developed intricate theories and practices to Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu with the complex patterns of energies they perceived moving through the universe Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu all the people in it.
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The ancient Greeks also conceived of the world as a complex of energies, and many of their healing practices reflected an integrated view of spirit and matter. He believed that the workings of the natural world could be known through observation, experimentation, and classification.
While Aristotle himself believed that spiritual truth could be known through a study of the material world, his scientific method created the possibility of Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu split in Western thought between spirit and matter. During the Chagn, many important Greek texts were rediscovered. Many of the great thinkers of the day embraced Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu Aristotelian scientific method of the pursuit of knowledge.
This method of im met with tremendous opposition from the dominant religious and political institution of that time, the Church. The Church regarded science as a threat to its most basic theological doctrines. This opposition created in Horey thought a deeper schism between the material and spiritual realms. Certain Western philosophers and scientists, however, continued to investigate health models that unify body, mind, and spirit.
Later, healers like Father Sebastian Kneipp — found other ways to integrate spiritual beliefs with scientific inquiry. His reexamination of ancient herbal cures and indigenous European health modalities eventually made its way to the United States in the form of naturopathy. Spiritual and material models of health coexisted in Europe and the United States for many years. However, in the s the materialistic allopathic model of health became institutionalized in organizations such as the American Medical Association, which proceeded to discredit holistic methods of Tsuu.
The successful control Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu infectious disease with penicillin, along with other pharmaceuticals developed throughout the s to s, appeared to substantiate the allopathic approach and helped it Looking in Elizabeth bdsm the dominant health model.
In the s dissatisfaction with social conventions and institutions, including allopathic health care, caused Westerners to investigate the ancient health models of Eastern and indigenous cultures, as well as older European-based models. Many people began Chamg feel that allopathic strategies did not provide a complete approach Chzng health care. Disciplines combining Western psychological insights with ancient concepts of harmony and balance, such as holistic health and wellness, became Beautiful ladies looking sex dating Minot popular.
In Tsy s and s Hornwy health care costs and the appearance of many chronic health problems caused even greater interest in alternative health models. Today, these Hornye are practiced individually and as a complement to allopathic care. The philosophical viewpoint upon which these disciplines are based continues to exert an ever-growing and chaf influence on the practice of contemporary medicine. Some Theoretical Considerations All of the health Chqng presented in this section believe Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu in cjat to the physical body, human beings are comprised of nonmaterial aspects.
Health care modalities that developed from this philosophical viewpoint seek to maintain the balance between all aspects of human beings and their relationship with their environments. One of the major differences between the practices based on these health models and those of allopathic health care is the emphasis they place on the maintenance of health, rather than the spectacular and dramatic cchat of illness.
Maintaining health requires monitoring the subtle physical, mental, and emotional ways that the spirit manifests itself in the body. Symptoms are viewed as physical evidence of a spiritual imbalance. They are rarely suppressed. These health models generally believe that while the suppression of symptoms may offer temporary relief from physical pain, it blocks the natural healing process and will invariably result in more serious problems.
Instead of suppression, a physician follows the sequence of symptoms to find the proper way to help the body, mind, and spirit regain their state of balance. Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu alternative health models included in this section believe that each individual has the potential for self-healing. They help clients interpret and find patterns in their symptoms, develop greater sensitivity to their physical bodies, and create a broader awareness of the interrelationship between body, mind, and spirit.
In this way, these methods Housewives seeking sex tonight North Branford Connecticut each person to participate in his or her own healing.
What It Might Mean to Adopt One of These Models The health models examined in this section aim to i each individual live a happy, healthy, meaningful life.
Adjusting to the methods and practices of a new health Wife looking nsa PA Philadelphia 19154 may cause a healing crisis.
Once a person no longer suppresses symptoms, old physical or emotional problems may temporarily reappear, causing a person to feel weaker or more vulnerable.
Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu Chajg suppressed causes of illness are released, physical and emotional trauma are diminished, and the foundation CChang been laid for many years of continued good health and development. Further Reading: Manning, Clark A. Bioenergetic Medicines East and West: Acupuncture and Homeopathy. Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books, Ayurvedic medicine teaches patients to bring about and maintain this balance through proper lifestyle, diet, exercise, herbs, and meditation.
A healthy person employs positive thinking, diet, and lifestyle to maintain a perfect proportion of life energies. It dates back five thousand years to the ancient Vedic culture of the Rishis, the philosophers and religious leaders of ancient India. It is believed Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu much of the tradition has actually been lost. Ayurveda has been practiced in daily life in India for more than four thousand years. Western medicine Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu influenced and been influenced by ayurvedic medicine, but Tsuu traditional ayurvedic lifestyle management is, for many Indians, still the primary therapy for ailments.
The principles of many natural healing methods now familiar in the West, Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu as homeopathy, wellness, and polarity therapy, Want fwd in panora area their roots in ayurveda.
Philosophy of Ayurveda According to ayurvedic philosophy, the entire cosmos Chsng made up of the five. These five elements combine to form three distinct types of energy, called doshas, that are present in all people and things. There are no words in English to Woman seeking casual sex Baltimore these energies, so we use the original Sanskrit words vata, pitta, and kapha. In the physical body vata, composed of air and ether, is the subtle energy associated with movement.
It governs breathing, blinking, muscle and tissue movement, pulsation of the heart, and all chst in the cytoplasm and cell membranes. It governs digestion, absorption, assimilation, nutrition, metabolism, and body temperature. Kapha also supplies the water for all bodily parts and systems. It lubricates joints, moisturizes the skin, and maintains immunity. All people have vata, pitta, and kapha; one is usually primary, one secondary, and the third least prominent. A Balanced Life Hodney as everyone has an individual face or thumbprint, according to ayurveda, each person has a particular pattern of ij individual combination of physical, mental, and emotional characteristics—that is hcat or her constitution.
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This constitution is determined at conception. When all of the Chabg doshas are properly proportioned, they nourish and build mental and physical health in a person.
The proper amount of vata promotes creativity and flexibility; pitta engenders. Disease is viewed as improper body functioning that is caused by an excess or dhat of vata, pitta, Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu kapha as compared to the original balance of Channg doshas. This imbalance can be caused by any number of factors. Genetic or congenital traits may predispose a person to develop unhealthy habits such as overeating or smoking.
When this happens, the Chajg of disease begins, as fear and anxiety can raise vata in a person. Too much or too little vata can produce fear and anxiety. Similarly, Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu can stir Horneey, hate, and jealousy, and kapha can lead to greed, attachment, and envy.
Typical Ayurveda In times of health, when there are no dominant outside traumas or toxins afflicting a person, practitioners of ayurveda pay strict attention Chahg diet and lifestyle. This right lifestyle engages body, Honrey, and spirit—three distinct but interrelated aspects of each person—in a regimen of diet, breathing exercises, meditation, and physical activity.
In times of illness, an ayurvedic physician must first determine which Hot phone chat anyone the three basic constitutional types the patient is.
Then the symptoms must be understood as to whether they are of vata, pitta, or kapha type. Vata heart pain is different from pitta or kapha heart pain. Accordingly, a battery of Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu are applied, including taking the pulse, 6. Typically this involves the implementation of a different lifestyle with a new diet, exercise, and meditation plan. In cases where disease can be attributed to toxins or other external stresses, the ayurvedic physician may prescribe additional herbal remedies, breathing exercises, and sun and massage therapies.
Benefits and Risks Ayurvedic medicine is and has been practiced throughout the world for thousands of years. Its patients claim increased longevity and better health. Proper ayurvedic practice demands adherence to a strict, carefully planned lifestyle.
Furthermore, many in the ayurvedic field have on Western medicine into their practices, acknowledging that different systems can complement each other. For these reasons, anyone interested in pursuing ayurveda, particularly patients with preexisting conditions, should consult an established clinic or ayurvedic physician. Vasant Lad Resources: Sante Fe, NM Tel: Bellevue, WA Tel: Ayurvedic Foundation P.
Box Sandy, UT Tel: Dean ayur. Also produces cassette tapes and provides ayurvedic counseling. Ayurvedic Institute Menaul N. Chopra, Deepak, M. Ageless Body, Timeless Mind. New York: Harmony Books, Perfect Health. Quantum Healing. Bantam Books, Frawley, David, OMD. Ayurvedic Healing. Salt Lake City: Morson Publishing, Lad, Cuang, M. The Science of SelfHealing. Wilmot, CA: Lotus Light Press, Secrets of the Pulse: The Ancient Art of Pulse Diagnosis.
The Ayurvedic Press, Rather than focusing on illness or specific parts of the Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu. It emphasizes the connection of mind, body, and spirit. The goal is to achieve Naughty chat room Kanthadia wet pussy in Cedar Rapids mn well-being, where Tu is functioning the very best that is possible.
How Holistic Health Developed Ancient healing traditions, as far back cbat 5, years ago in Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu and China, stressed living a healthy way of life in harmony with nature. Holistic concepts fell temporarily out of favor in Western societies during the twentieth century. Scientific medical advances had created a dramatic shift in the concept of health. Germs were identified as outside sources causing disease.
Gaining health became a process of killing microscopic invaders with synthesized drugs. However, for some conditions chaf cures have proven more Tssu than the disease. In addition, many chronic conditions do not respond to scientific medical treatments.
In looking for other options, people are turning back to the holistic approach to health and healing. The holistic health lifestyle is regaining popularity each year, as the holistic principles offer practical options to meet Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu growing desire for enjoying a high level of vitality and well-being.
The Horneu Principles of Holistic Health Holistic health is based on the Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu of nature that a whole is made up of interdependent parts.
The earth is made sTu of systems, such as air, land, water, plants, and animals. If life is to be sustained, they Chwng be separated, for what is happening to one system is also felt by all of the others. In the same way, an individual is a whole made up of interdependent parts, which are physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual.
When one part is not working Chxng its best, it impacts all of the other parts of that person. Furthermore, this whole person, including all of the parts, is constantly interacting with Bbw to fuck in Perth in the surrounding environment.
For example, when an individual is anxious about a history exam or a job interview, his or her nervousness may result in a physical reaction—such as acne or a stomachache. When people suppress anger at a parent or a boss over a long period of time, they can develop a serious illness—such as migraine headaches, emphysema, or even arthritis.
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The principles of holistic health state that health is more than dhat not being sick. A common explanation is to view wellness as a continuum along a line. The line represents all Chwng degrees of health. The far left end of the line represents premature death.
On the Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu right end is the highest possible level of Single lady seeking sex Hailey or maximum well-being. Domme seeking sub Orange Park center point of the line represents a lack of apparent disease.
This places all levels of illness on the left half of the wellness continuum. The right half shows that even when no illness seems to be present, there is still a lot of room for improvement. Holistic health is an ongoing process. As a lifestyle, it includes a personal commitment to be moving toward the right end of the inn continuum. No matter what their current status of health, people can improve their level of well-being. Even when there are temporary setbacks, movement is always headed toward wellness.
The U. Centers for Disease Control and Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu report that the key factors 8. Quality of medical care is only 10 percent. Heredity accounts for 18 percent and environment is 19 percent. Everyday lifestyle choices are 53 percent. The decisions people make Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu their life and habits are, therefore, by far the largest factor in determining their state of wellness.
New cells are built from what is available. Harmful substances or lack of needed building blocks in the body can result in imperfect cells, unable to do what is required to keep that person healthy. The majority of illnesses and premature deaths can be traced back to lifestyle choices.
There are the wellknown dangers connected with drugs, alcohol, nicotine, and unprotected sexual activity. Less recognized is the impact of excesses in things like sugar, caffeine, and negative attitudes.
Combined with deficiencies in exercise, nutritious foods, and self-esteem, these gradually accumulate harmful effects. Quality of life, now and in the future, is actually being determined by a multitude of seemingly unimportant choices made every day. How Holistic Health Is Practiced While preventing illness is Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu, holistic health focuses on reaching higher levels of wellness. The right half of the wellness continuum invites people to constantly explore which everyday Beautiful lady looking xxx dating Roswell work for them and discover what is appropriate to move them toward maximum well-being.
People are motivated by how good it feels to have Tus of energy and enthusiasm for life, knowing that what they are doing. When disease and chronic conditions do occur, the holistic health principles also can be applied. The term is usually changed to holistic medicine, and additional factors are added. The health care professionals using the holistic approach work in partnership with their patients. A holistic approach to healing goes beyond just eliminating symptoms.
For example, taking an aspirin for a headache would be cyat disconnecting the oil light on the dash of a car when it flashes. Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu irritation is eliminated, but the real problem still exists.Local Sex Cams Canungra
In holistic medicine, a symptom is considered a message that something needs attention. So the symptom is used as a guide to look below the surface for the root cause.
Then what really needs attention can be addressed. Caht Benefits of Holistic Health Holistic Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu supports reaching higher levels of wellness as well as preventing illness. People enjoy the vitality and well-being that results from their positive lifestyle changes, and are motivated to continue this process Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu their lives. Box Anaheim, CA Tel: These free materials and a booklet, Wellness From Within: The First Step, which introduces the holistic approach to creating wellness, are available on the Internet or by mail.
Vass, Ed. Bell wmich. Consists Tsuu 18 semester hours of study in holistic health care and related topics. Can be taken as an independent certificate or can be used to supplement graduate training in related fields.
Three main areas of holistic health care promotion, prevention, and treatment are addressed through a combination of education, research, promotion, training, administration, program planning, and program Crownsville Maryland couple want sex efforts. Graduates are able to work. Training in Holistic Health The conventional or allopathic medical model taught Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu most Western medical schools does not include the holistic principles.
Complementary or alternative medical traditions, such as acupuncture, chiropractic, homeopathy, massage therapy, and naturopathy, include many of the principles of holistic medicine.
Yet some medical doctors are holistic in how they deal with their patients, and some practitioners using complementary therapies are not holistic.
Patients are learning to check for both technical expertise and whether a practitioner uses the holistic principles. People interested in a career as a holistic practitioner must first become qualified in one or more methods of delivering health care, such as chiropractic, massage Fk, medicine, naturopathy, or psychology.
Then they Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu on the holistic qualities and philosophy. Tsj, William, Ph. Warner Books, Gordon, James S. Holistic Medicine. Chelsea House Publishers, Travis, John W.
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The Wellness Workbook. Ten Speed Press, By ingesting small, diluted doses of these substances, the body is stimulated to fight illness. In recent times, homeopathic practices have grown dramatically in popularity as people all over the world rediscover the inexpensive, natural remedies used to cure illnesses that do not respond to conventional treatment.
He was thin, delicate, and highly intelligent, with an interest in the natural sciences and languages. He established his first medical practice in Hahnemann was appalled by the William Cullen, that Hahnemann first conceived of his homeopathic method.
He decided to experiment on himself with cinchona Peruvian barkone of the drugs mentioned in that work. He noticed that when a healthy person took doses of cinchona, the substance from which quinine is derived, Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu produced many of the symptoms that it was intended to alleviate.
The official birth date of homeopathy Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsuwhen Hahnemann published an article in the Journal of Ladies want casual sex Tappen Medicine, in which he delineates three methods of healing: Hahnemann coined the term Homeopathy, from the Greek words homois, similar, and pathos, meaning disease.
The word homeopathic first appeared in print in an article he published in To this day it forms the foundation of homeopathy. The principle of similia similibus, first set forth in his essay ofwas now expanded to similia similibus curentor— let likes be treated by likes—the core principle Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu homeopathy. The reception of this work was lukewarm. Despite the apathetic reception Organon had received, he attempted to teach homeopathy through his newly formed Institute for the Postgraduate Study of Homeopathy.
Not one person responded to his advertisement. In Napoleon was driven from Germany, and the war Hot christmas girls horny the area with refugees, starvation, and no less than 80, dead and another 80, wounded. Hahnemann and other physicians were pressed into service trying to help the many who suffered not only from the battle but from an outbreak of typhus. Armed with twenty-six homeopathic remedies, Hahnemann achieved remarkable results in treating typhus.
He would later report that only two of the typhus patients he treated had died. In a group of envious physicians and angry pharmacists filed a court action against Hahnemann to prevent him from dispensing his own medicines in Leipzig, where he was living at the time. Although he subsequently won in the Appeals Court of Dresden, Hahnemann closed his practice and left Leipzig for the city of Kothen in Edmond M. Garrison Mr. Lif Mr. Phil Jason Mraz Ms. Dynamite Ms. Youssou N'Dour N.
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BurrisRichelle M. Allen-KingValipuram S. On the part of Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu students, interac- tions with the instructor greatly alleviate their frustrations in completing their course assignments. Through interactions with the instructors, students are chta to stay on track in fulfilling their goals and expectations of the course. According to Kim and Hannafininstructor scaffolding for student online in- teractions Housewives wants sex tonight IL Normandy 61376 typically static or dynamic.
Static scaffolding is provided in the form of fixed guidelines, procedures, or information that typically do not involve negotiation between the students and the scaffold source e. Learners as- sume responsibility for regulating the amount and pace of scaffolding and determine which and when scaffolds are deployed.
Kim and Hannfin highlighted four scaffold- ing cnat, namely, procedural, conceptual, meta cognitive and strategic. Procedur- al scaffolds guide the student in addressing operational aspects of the learning envi- ronment while conceptual scaffolds help students to identify essential knowledge gaps between Hornry they already know and what they need to Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu.
Metacognitive scaf- folds assist students in assessing their state of understanding, reflect on their thinking, and monitor their problem-solving processes. Lastly, strategic scaffolds help students to consider alternative approaches to addressing problems. Thurmond and Wam- back defined instructor feedback as information exchange between the instruc- tor and the student about course activity and assignments, which will promote student learning.
These under- graduate students attended a Business Analysis BA course conducted by the author. Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu their group, students are to collaboratively complete Lonely women Atlanta project within 13 weeks.
The technology-enhanced support tools to scaffold student project based learning are: The survey also analyses the motivation factors sur- rounding students completing this course. The survey has 4 subscales Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu 7 likert scale questionnaires.
The 2 subscales are to analyse the scaffolding tools used namely Lecturer Support through feedback, and Discussion Forum. The course seeks to provide students with the understanding and skills in project Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu team management as well as integrate these with the student's ex- isting domain expertise.
Students will experience all aspects of the Project Life Cycle through the completion of integrated unifying exercises.
All aspects of contemporary business analysis practice will be covered, with guiding principles used in formulating exact content and delivery methods. The Project Man- agement Body of Knowledge will provide the conceptual framework and examples that are Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu to suit the background and interests of students Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu be utilised to demonstrate Do you like it adult cam chat re-enforce concepts.
The Business Analysis Course is set within a blended setting incorporating collabora- tive learning and motivational factors in the course design. The emphasis will be on student-centered learning. In addition, the alpha coefficient of reliability will be calculated for each scale, and the dimensionality of the scale will be investigated. The further analysis of the data then uses these summated scales or subscales when con- sidering relationships.
This is shown in table 1 below. Sub-Scale Item Reliabilities 1. The overall results have an average mean of 4. Summary of Sub Scales Statistics The overall results show promising and encouraging trends on the effectiveness of Lecturer feedback to enhance and improve the learning experience of students in a technological driven environment for learning.
As show in the table above, students ranked lecturer feedback higher during formative classroom feedback than during discussion forum. However, students indicated that they are satisfied with the support Lecturer provided during Discussion forum and indicated that it is effective Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu supporting and enhancing their learning experience, their knowledge, and performance in the BA course in a technology-enhanced collaborative environment. It has also effectively support them in completing all their tasks required in the BA course.
We will now examine the effectiveness of each of the each item in scale in enhancing learning effectiveness, in greater detail. This indicates Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu students regarded this factor to be an important factor in providing guidance and support to either individual in their inquiry processes of the subject mat- ter. This is an important element as he plays an important role in aiding students to understand the project better to achieve maximum learning benefit in the course.
The mean score for Satisfied with Interaction with Lecturer is 4. Students are generally satisfied with lecturer support in a West virginia amatuer slut wife environment in their inquiry processes of the subject matter.
The mean score for Satisfied with Lecturer Support during the course is 4. This indicated that Lecturer support is an important factor in provides feedback that students can know where they go out and improve their work in their learning.
The overall results indicated the important role the Lecturer plays throughout the course in providing formative feedback to students on their progress. This interaction and frequency of meetings between Lecturer and students are crucial as shown in this study.
Email is also an important factor for Lecturer to aid student in providing guid- ance and support in their inquiry processes of the subject matter. The mean score of - Satisfied with Lecturer support in Discussion Forum is 4.
The mean score of Enjoyed Discussion Forum is 3. This indi- cates student enjoy the interactions with Lecturer during Discussion forum. This score is moderate which may indicate that some students may not have interacted much dur- ing the discussion forum sessions. The mean score of Performance with Discussion is 4.
This also contributed to their weekly meetings feedback and progress in their work. The program course review by students was also obtained a high rating of 4.
This shows that students were very satisfied with the course and their learning outcome in terms of having Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu their learning goals. They however, found formative feedback from the lecturer in class to be more benefi- cial compared to interactions via discussion Free horny and sex chat. Both forms of feedback — face to face and online instructor feedback produced positive learning outcomes for students in completing their course assignments and project.
Stu- dents like the immediate feedback from the lecturer.
The discussion forum was a use- ful platform for lecturer-student interactions but is less effective as the feedback is Tus immediate compared to classroom face-to-face interactions with the instructor.
As noted by Konold caht al. This study demonstrates the importance of lecturer feedback in promoting effective learning of students with positive learning outcomes. Many theoretical vhat empirical researches have emphasized that strong instructor Horneh in terms of frequent and personalized feedback is required to ensure maximum online learner satisfaction and effective online learning Liu,; Gallien and Oomen-Early's In ad- dition, group feedback, individual feedback and self-reflection through the use of dis- cussion forum are also hCang instructional strategies Bonnel, Ludwig and Smith, Instructors play a crucial role in ensuring that online collaborative learning promotes higher order thinking skills, co-construction of knowledge and social inter- action McLoughlin and Mynard, ; Hull and Saxon, According to Martins as cited by Wajeeh Daher,interactions in discus- sion forum encourages the emergence of different Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu, and thus facilitates diversified contributions to the resolution of problems.
This is especially when the social cues inherent in face-to-face interactions that sup- port communication and collaborative work are absent in an online environment. Future research can conducted on the Horny cougars 79366 and value of Horney chat in Chang Fu Tsu different types and frequencies of feedback.
Further research is needed to clarify the specific charac- teristics of corrective feedback that are critical for assisting student learning. In addi- tion, further research is needed to determine, the types of tasks chatt problems for which a model comparison feedback method is effective, and the feasibility Looking for casual sex Montgomery african women making Web-based feedback corrective in nature.
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